"Release of Genetically Modified Organisms
in the environment: is it a health hazard?"
Report from a WHO/EURO-ANPA Seminar
WHO European Centre for Environment and Health
7-9 September 2000
Table of Contents
Scope and purpose of the seminar
Terms of reference of the Seminar
The scientific sessions of the seminar
Activities of International Organizations (WHO, FAO, UNEP, ICGEB, OECD)
related to biotechnology
Session a) Risk Assessment
Session b) Gene Transfer
- "The fundamentals of science-based environmental risk assessment of GMOs"
(presented by Othmar Kaeppeli)
- "Current experiences with environmental risk assessment (ERA)" (presented
by Guy Van den Eede)
- "Health Impact Assessment (HIA)” (presented by Mike Joffe)
Session c) Soil as ecosystem
- "Safety considerations when planning, constructing and developing new GM
plants” (presented by Francesco Sala)
- "Horizontal transfer of antibiotic resistance genes from transgenic plants
to bacteria are there new data to fuel the debate?” (presented by
- "Environmental risks of crops with transgenic virus resistance" (presented
by Alison Power)
- "Transgene fate in the gastro-intestinal tract and in the environment"
(presented by Claudia Sorlini)
- "Inter/intra species gene transfer from GM plants to other plants"
(presented by Joaquim Machado)
Session d) Resistances
- "Release, persistence, and biological activity in soil of insecticidal
proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis" (presented by Guenther Stotzky)
Session e) Impact on non-target fauna.
- "Monitoring for early detection of resistance" (presented by David Andow)
- "Impact of GM plants on non-target arthropod fauna" (presented by Tanja
- "Review on non-target organisms and bt-plants" (presented by Angelika Hilbeck)
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